Meet the new Boss, same as the old Boss – part3

Sacrifices on the Hill of Saturn

Before we delve into the spiritual aspects of what the Hill of Saturn could mean to the representation of the land that has become known as Washington D.C., we must first gather some historical context of the happenings that occurred in the area known as Capitoline Hill/Hill of Saturn from the beginning to the height and eventual fall of the Roman Empire. After we establish ritualistic events, we can perhaps draw some more parallels between the Roman Empire and the seat of the United States.

Connecting Hill of Saturn to Capitoline Hill

In his book, The Archaeology of Rome – Volume 1, John Henry Parker makes the case for ultimately declaring that the Hill of Saturn became known as Capitoline Hill instead of Jupiter Feretrius being referred to as Capitoline Hill. In fact Parker establishes Jupiter Feretrius as being Palantine Hill, one of the other seven hills of Rome.

Romulus - hill of saturn

The Sabines and their connection to the formation of the Roman Empire

From Encyclopedia Britannica

“Sabine, Latin Sabinus, plural Sabini,  member of an ancient Italic tribe located in the mountainous country east of the Tiber River. They were known for their religious practices and beliefs, and several Roman institutions were said to have derived from them. The story recounted by Plutarch that Romulus, the founder of Rome, invited the Sabines to a feast and then carried off (raped) their women, is legendary. Though there was a considerable Sabine infiltration into Rome, the view that the Sabines conquered the city in the first half of the 5th century bc is improbable; rather, the Romans had many skirmishes with the Sabines before their victory in 449. Nothing is known thereafter until in 290 the Sabines were conquered and granted civitas sine suffragio; in 268 they received full Roman citizenship.”

They Sabines occupied the region of Italy north of their neighboring rival, the Latini’s also known as the Romans.

Abraham_Oertel_-_Latium_-_1595

After a procession of wars that would eventually see the Romans emerge victorious, the Sabines were admitted into the Roman society and given 2nd class citizenship as shown in the following excerpt from The History of Rome, Volume 2.

Sabines 2nd class

However, the “magnanimity” that Rome  had shown the conquered Sabine citizens did not carry over to their leader, Pontius, who was taken prisoner and beheaded, on what was to become Capitoline Hill, for having the gall  of fending off the Romans.  This is the same Pontius that had shown the Roman armies on two different occasions mercy on a fallen foe and spared their lives and released the Roman Consul from capture.

pontius pontius2

The brutal behavior of Rome toward Pontius indicates two things: Rome was the aggressor in the conflict with the Sabines; the foreshadowing of the evil nature in which the Romans deal with their fallen enemies in which they’re the aggressors from the on start of conflict.

The martyr Speratus

To add credence to this notion of Roman viciousness towards anyone that is deemed a threat to their authority, consider the case of the Scillitan Martyr Speratus, who, along with his companions, were beheaded at the order of the proconsul, Saturninus,  for refusing to swear by the genius of Rome and the Emperor. From the book The Ante-Nicene Fathers:

speratus

Also from the book: Martyrologia; or, Records of religious persecution

speratus2

speratus3

speratus4

The Tarpeain Rock

To go back further in Roman history, we have the mythological case of the origins of the Tarpeian Rock and its use as a place of execution by flinging the individual from the heights of what would be later called Capitoline Hill. The Latin phrase: “Arx tarpeia Capitoli proxima” translates to “The Tarpeian Rock is close to the Capitol”. This phrase signifies that the Tarpeian Rock from which a convicted person was hurled to his or her death was close to the Capitol, the symbol of power and greatness.

From History of the Roman people by Charles Seignobos

Tarpeain rock7

From A Commentary, Mythological, Historical, and Geographical on Pope’s Homer

Tarpeain rock1

Please note the connections to Saturn.

The Tarpeain Rock was used for executing State political prisoners as mentioned in the book: The History of Herodotus, Volume 3

herodotus

From The History of Rome by Oliver Goldsmith

Tarpeain rock2

Tarpeain rock3

Tarpeain rock4

An illustration of the Tarpeain Rock

Tarpeian_Rock

Not only were “Enemies of the State” thrown an estimated 80 feet to their deaths, but also children deemed as “unfit to live”. Perhaps the Romans were the Nazi Eugenicists of their day. But of course the modern Eugenicists movement, which inspired the Nazi’s, takes it roots from Francis Galton and Charles Darwin and their rubbish known as the theory of evolution.

From Mental diseases; a public health problem

Tarpeain rock5

From The Journal of Mental Science, Volume 22

Tarpeain rock6

When we retrospectively look at this sordid behavior, why would anyone who knows this history want to refer to a new nation’s center of government back to an area known for such brutal calamity. Wasn’t the founding of the United States supposed to be the departure from such behavior, at least according to the history books and political mouthpieces that espouse the idyllic virtues of the elevation of man over the brutality of psychotic bullies masquerading as governments?

The Founding Fathers were purportedly men of higher education and were probably taught Roman history or exposed to the Roman Classics. Was Thomas Jefferson aware of the dark side of Capitoline Hill, namely the sinister use of the Tarpeian Rock, when he named our center of government after the Roman system? According to the book, Letters of Thomas Jefferson Concerning Philology and the Classics, Volume 137 , Thomas Jefferson was educated at an early age in the language of Latin as well as being able to read Italian.

jefferson1

Also, according to Thomas Jefferson’s Recommended Reading, Jefferson includes a list of classical writers of Roman antiquity in which many of them write of the Tarpeian Rock. Here is a list linked to a Google Book search for the classical writers on Jefferson’s recommendation list, with author name and Tarpeian Rock as the search term.

  1. Herodutus
  2. Sallust
  3. Livy
  4. Suetonius
  5. Tacitus
  6. Cicero
  7. Seneca
  8. Lucretius
  9. Horace

All of these writers make reference to the Tarpeian Rock and if Jefferson was as versed in the classics that the reading list and biographies suggest, then Jefferson was surely aware of the connections of the Tarpeian Rock and Capitoline Hill.

Jefferson acknowledges reading Cicero to a letter to John Adams 1819

jefferson2

The question needs to be asked again, why would Jefferson name the center of new government after the barbarism of the Roman government? Of course the answer isn’t obvious, but one thing is for sure and that is there is more darkness to come in the historical look at the roots of “Capitol Hill”.

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